Convention on the Rights of the Child about to become Swedish law

The Swedish Government has decided to submit a proposal in July 2017 to the Council on Legislation to incorporate the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) into Swedish law. The Government considers that the CRC’s strong position must be made clearer and that a child rights-based approach must have a major impact on how the law is applied. Preparation of the proposal is now under way.

Photo: Folio

 

It is proposed that the act enter into force on 1 January 2020. This will give law enforcement authorities time to prepare for the introduction of the new act.

"Another important step is now being taken to highlight the importance of the CRC in Swedish law and clarify its strong status. With the CRC as Swedish law, officials and decision-makers will have to take a different approach to the CRC than at present. It will be more clearly required that legal practitioners must base any decisions concerning children on the rights contained in the Convention," says Sweden's Minister for Children, the Elderly and Gender Equality Åsa Regnér.

Incorporation of the CRC will gather the human rights that concern children in one act, contributing to a holistic view and making it clear that the CRC's articles must be interpreted in relation to one another.

Colloboration with child rights organisations on stronger rights for children

The Committee on the Rights of the Child in Geneva has reviewed Sweden's compliance with the Convention on the Rights of the Child. One of the Committee's recommendations involves strengthening the legal status of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. The Ministry of Health and Social Affairs has initiated a dialogue with a number of child rights organisations on the recommendations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child. It is proposed that the act enter into force on 1 January 2020.

Dialogue between the Committee on the Rights of the Child and the Government

The dialogue between the Swedish Government and the Committee on the Rights of the Child in Geneva was conducted in January 2015. The Committee on the Rights of the Child stated that while Sweden in many ways is a leader on child rights, there are also areas in which it needs to strengthen child rights. In early February the Committee on the Rights of the Child presented its recommendations on how Sweden can continue its efforts to strengthen child rights. For the Government, these recommendations are part of the work to realise the vision of Sweden as one of the very best countries to grow up in.

Facts: Committee on the Rights of the Child

All countries that have acceded to the Convention on the Rights of the Child are to report to the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child on a regular basis. This international committee is responsible for monitoring implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child by the countries that have ratified it. The Committee on the Rights of the Child meets in Geneva and comprises 18 independent experts.