Launch of SIPRI report on climate and security
On 15 December, Minister for International Development Cooperation and Climate Isabella Lövin inaugurated a seminar during which a new report on the links between climate and security was presented. On behalf of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) has produced a study on these issues entitled "Climate-related security risks: Towards an Integrated Approach".
Climate change has an impact on many areas, on societies and people's everyday lives. Apart from the consequences for the environment and people's livelihoods, risks that threaten people's security can be one of the negative effects of climate change.
Poor countries with weak institutions are particularly vulnerable. The risks include worsened supplies of water or food, which can trigger or aggravate conflicts of various kinds. Worsened coastal environments or rising sea levels can mean that possibilities of earning an income are limited and the risk of conflicts increases. Migration as a result of climate change can lead to conflicts. Moreover, all of these risks are interlinked and can aggravate each other.
It is important to include climate-related risks in work against conflicts and for peaceful societies, otherwise there is a risk of overlooking important factors that contribute to conflicts breaking out. Sweden is working to ensure that the climate perspective is included in a more systematic way when preparing measures to prevent conflicts or promote peace. This applies to measures implemented by Sweden through expert agencies as well as at international level.
The ability of the UN system to analyse risks systematically and from a climate perspective – and thus also improve the basis on which decisions are made – must be strengthened, and Sweden will pursue this aim during its membership of the UN Security Council.