Central government budget in figures

An important part of the Government’s work to realise its policies is to draw up proposals on the central government budget. The following is an account of the Government’s proposals and calculations for the next few years as they are presented in the Budget Bill for 2018.

Illustration: Ministry of Finance/Government Offices

Government revenue

Central government revenue mainly consists of taxes on labour, capital and consumption. Central government revenue also comes from various fees, fines, loan repayments (e.g. student loans) and grants from the European Union, etc.

Revenue in the central government budget 2016-2020
SEK billion
Revenue - Main category 2016
(Forecast)
2017
(Forecast)
2018
(Forecast)
2019
(Forecast)
2020
(Forecast)
Central government tax revenue 1 043.8 1 028.9 1 085.2 1 140.3 1 180.4
Revenue from central government activities 31.3 28.1 30.8 30.0 31.9
Revenue from sale of property 0.2 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.0
Loan repayments 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7
Calculated revenue 10.8 11.4 11.9 13.1 13.9
EU grants 11.0 11.2 12.9 12.3 12.0
Offsets associated with the tax system -95.1 -97.9 -103.7 -105.7 -104.9
Revenue in the central government budget 1 002.7 987.5 1 042.9 1 095.8 1 139.0
Note: All years are presented according to the structure for the central government budget for 2018 and onwards.
Sources: Swedish Tax Agency, Swedish National Financial Management Authority and own calculations.

Central government expenditure

Central government expenditure is grouped into 27 different areas known as expenditure areas (EA). Each expenditure area shows how much money goes to state-controlled activities, such as the police or state universities.

Expenditure per expenditure area 2016–2020
SEK billion
Expenditure area 2016 (Outcome¹) 2017 (Forecast) 2018 (Calculation) 2019 (Calculation) 2020 (Calculation)
1 Governance 12.7 13.5 14.5 14.5 14.4
2 Economy and financial administration 15.0 15.4 16.3 16.7 17.4
3 Taxes, customs and enforcement 10.8 11.0 11.4 11.7 11.8
4 Justice 42.3 44.4 45.8 47.4 49.0
5 International cooperation 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
6 Defence and contingency measures 49.4 50.1 53.8 56.1 58.1
7 International development cooperation 32.0 36.8 43.0 45.7 47.2
8 Migration 41.3 38.9 15.7 10.6 9.6
9 Health care, medical care and social services 63.4 68.4 77.7 75.8 75.6
10 Financial security for the sick and disabled 105.6 103.3 102.6 101.9 101.7
11 Financial security for the elderly 35.9 34.7 34.6 34.3 34.0
12 Financial security for families and children 86.1 88.5 94.6 98.5 101.4
13 Gender equality and introduction of newly arrived immigrants 19.2 26.4 25.6 18.8 14.7
14 Labour market and working life 72.5 72.2 74.1 75.4 77.7
15 Financial support for students 19.5 20.3 24.4 25.7 27.0
16 Education and academic research 66.0 70.9 78.0 80.3 84.1
17 Culture, media, religious communities and leisure activities 14.1 14.3 15.9 15.9 15.9
18 Planning, housing provision, construction and consumer policy 3.1 4.5 7.0 7.0 7.1
19 Regional growth 2.6 3.1 3.9 5.0 6.0
20 General environmental protection and nature conservation 7.3 8.3 10.8 13.2 14.7
21 Energy 2.7 3.1 3.6 3.7 3.8
22 Transport and communications 50.1 55.3 56.4 59.5 60.8
23 Land-based industries, rural areas and food 15.9 17.8 19.3 19.7 19.5
24 Industry and trade 5.9 6.4 7.4 7.5 7.2
25 General grants to local government 93.3 105.5 111.4 116.9 122.0
26 Interest on the national debt etc. 1.7 11.6 11.4 25.7 22.2
27 Contribution to the European Union 30.3 21.5 39.5 43.0 44.5
Reduction of appropriation balances 0.0 0.0 -8.5 -5.1 -4.7
All expenditure areas² 900.8 948.5 992.0 1027.2 1044.7
Net lending by National Debt Office 14.8 8.4 6.5 -3.0 5.2
Cash adjustment 1.8 6.6 0.0 0.0 0.0
Total expenditure 917.4 963.5  998.6 1024.2 1049.9

¹ Appropriations have been assigned to the expenditure areas to which they belong in the central government budget for 2017.
² Including the item Reduction in appropriation balances.
Source: Own calculations.

Budget balance and national debt

The central government budget balance shows the central government borrowing requirement and thus its impact on the national debt.

Central government balance 2016-2020
SEK billion
  2016 (Outcome) 2017 (Forecast) 2018 (Forecast) 2019 (Forecast) 2020 (Forecast)
Income 1 003 988 1 043 1 096 1 139
Expenditure excl. interest on the national debt¹ 899 937 981 1 002 1 023
Interest on the national debt etc.² 2 12 11 26 22
Net lending by National Debt Office 15 8 7 -3 5
Cash adjustment 2 7 0 0 0
Central government balance 85 24 44 72 89
Note: The amounts may not sum to totals because of rounding.
¹Including change in appropriation balances.
²Refers to expenditure under expenditure area 26 Interest on central government debt etc.
Sources: Statistics Sweden and own calculations.