Central government budget in figures
An important part of the Government’s work to realise its policies is to draw up proposals on the central government budget. The following is an account of the Government’s proposals and calculations for the next few years as they are presented in the Budget Bill for 2018.
Central government revenue mainly consists of taxes on labour, capital and consumption. Central government revenue also comes from various fees, fines, loan repayments (e.g. student loans) and grants from the European Union, etc.
|Revenue - Main category||2016
|Central government tax revenue||1 043.8||1 028.9||1 085.2||1 140.3||1 180.4|
|Revenue from central government activities||31.3||28.1||30.8||30.0||31.9|
|Revenue from sale of property||0.2||5.1||5.0||5.0||5.0|
|Offsets associated with the tax system||-95.1||-97.9||-103.7||-105.7||-104.9|
|Revenue in the central government budget||1 002.7||987.5||1 042.9||1 095.8||1 139.0|
|Note: All years are presented according to the structure for the central government budget for 2018 and onwards.
Sources: Swedish Tax Agency, Swedish National Financial Management Authority and own calculations.
Central government expenditure
Central government expenditure is grouped into 27 different areas known as expenditure areas (EA). Each expenditure area shows how much money goes to state-controlled activities, such as the police or state universities.
|Expenditure area||2016 (Outcome¹)||2017 (Forecast)||2018 (Calculation)||2019 (Calculation)||2020 (Calculation)|
|2 Economy and financial administration||15.0||15.4||16.3||16.7||17.4|
|3 Taxes, customs and enforcement||10.8||11.0||11.4||11.7||11.8|
|5 International cooperation||2.1||2.1||2.0||2.0||2.0|
|6 Defence and contingency measures||49.4||50.1||53.8||56.1||58.1|
|7 International development cooperation||32.0||36.8||43.0||45.7||47.2|
|9 Health care, medical care and social services||63.4||68.4||77.7||75.8||75.6|
|10 Financial security for the sick and disabled||105.6||103.3||102.6||101.9||101.7|
|11 Financial security for the elderly||35.9||34.7||34.6||34.3||34.0|
|12 Financial security for families and children||86.1||88.5||94.6||98.5||101.4|
|13 Gender equality and introduction of newly arrived immigrants||19.2||26.4||25.6||18.8||14.7|
|14 Labour market and working life||72.5||72.2||74.1||75.4||77.7|
|15 Financial support for students||19.5||20.3||24.4||25.7||27.0|
|16 Education and academic research||66.0||70.9||78.0||80.3||84.1|
|17 Culture, media, religious communities and leisure activities||14.1||14.3||15.9||15.9||15.9|
|18 Planning, housing provision, construction and consumer policy||3.1||4.5||7.0||7.0||7.1|
|19 Regional growth||2.6||3.1||3.9||5.0||6.0|
|20 General environmental protection and nature conservation||7.3||8.3||10.8||13.2||14.7|
|22 Transport and communications||50.1||55.3||56.4||59.5||60.8|
|23 Land-based industries, rural areas and food||15.9||17.8||19.3||19.7||19.5|
|24 Industry and trade||5.9||6.4||7.4||7.5||7.2|
|25 General grants to local government||93.3||105.5||111.4||116.9||122.0|
|26 Interest on the national debt etc.||1.7||11.6||11.4||25.7||22.2|
|27 Contribution to the European Union||30.3||21.5||39.5||43.0||44.5|
|Reduction of appropriation balances||0.0||0.0||-8.5||-5.1||-4.7|
|All expenditure areas²||900.8||948.5||992.0||1027.2||1044.7|
|Net lending by National Debt Office||14.8||8.4||6.5||-3.0||5.2|
¹ Appropriations have been assigned to the expenditure areas to which they belong in the central government budget for 2017.
Budget balance and national debt
The central government budget balance shows the central government borrowing requirement and thus its impact on the national debt.
|2016 (Outcome)||2017 (Forecast)||2018 (Forecast)||2019 (Forecast)||2020 (Forecast)|
|Income||1 003||988||1 043||1 096||1 139|
|Expenditure excl. interest on the national debt¹||899||937||981||1 002||1 023|
|Interest on the national debt etc.²||2||12||11||26||22|
|Net lending by National Debt Office||15||8||7||-3||5|
|Central government balance||85||24||44||72||89|
|Note: The amounts may not sum to totals because of rounding.
¹Including change in appropriation balances.
²Refers to expenditure under expenditure area 26 Interest on central government debt etc.
Sources: Statistics Sweden and own calculations.