Defence cooperation between Finland and Sweden

In the autumn of 2013, Sweden and Finland announced their intent to strengthen their defence cooperation. The aim was to improve regional security and strive to establish better utilisation of resources and cost-efficiency in defence-related areas. Furthermore, the cooperation would increase interoperability and the capability to act jointly, both nationally and internationally.

Action Plan

Sweden and Finland presented an Action Plan for developing the defence cooperation in May 2014.

The Action Plan describes the manner in which the defence cooperation is to be developed. The Armed Forces is tasked to investigate the possibilities of enhanced cooperation in the areas of training and exercises, air and maritime surveillance and the possibilities of joint utilization of basic infrastructure.

An additional task was to look for possibilities to develop and train combined units for participation in international exercises and peacekeeping operations. The stronger defence cooperation would, among other things, build on existing cooperation areas, such as Cross Border Training (CBT).

Task to the Swedish Armed Forces

On 19 June 2014, the government tasked the Armed Forces to investigate how the Swedish-Finnish defence cooperation could be developed from the established action plan.

On 31 January 2015, the Swedish Armed Forces and the Finnish Defence Forces presented a joint final report with concrete proposals for cooperation areas.

Cooperation areas

In the joint final report, submitted by the Swedish Armed Forces and the Finnish Defence Forces, a number of cooperation areas were presented (Navy, Air Force, Army, Secure communication, Logistics and materiel procurement and Combined units).

The presented proposals included the following:

  • the development of a bilateral standing Naval Task Group, the Swedish-Finnish Naval Task Group (SFNTG), with full operational capability by 2023,
  • an increased level of interoperability between the Swedish and Finnish Air Forces with the capacity for joint operation, common base operations and common command and control (C2) capability,
  • the development of a combined Finnish - Swedish Brigade Framework.