Goals and visions
The overall objective of energy policy is to secure short- and long-term energy supply on competitive terms.
Energy policy aims to create the conditions for efficient and sustainable energy use and a cost-effective Swedish energy supply with a low impact on health, the environment and climate change. Energy policy also aims to facilitate the transition to an ecologically sustainable society. This will promote sound economic and social development throughout Sweden.
Other energy policy targets are contained in the Riksdag's decision of June 2002 on guidelines for energy policy (Govt Bill 2001/02:143). In accordance with the bill 'A Cohesive Climate and Energy Policy – Energy', a number of new energy policy targets have been adopted (Govt. Bill 2008/09:163):
- By 2020 at least 50 per cent of total energy consumption should come from renewable energy sources.
- By 2020 the transport sector should meet the renewable energy target of at least 10 per cent.
- By 2020 energy efficiency should increase by 20 per cent. This is expressed as a cross-sectoral target of a 20 per cent reduction in energy intensity by 2020 relative to 2008.
Transport and industry are the largest emitters of greenhouse gases in Sweden. By using quantified climate and energy targets for greenhouse gas emissions, renewable energy and energy efficiency, along with specific instruments to achieve these targets, the Government is laying the foundation for long-term stable conditions for a transition from a fossil fuel-based society and a move towards sustainable energy and transport systems.
Investments in renewable energy
Measures to promote renewable energy and more efficient energy use can help strengthen Sweden's security of supply and competitiveness, and give Swedish research and entrepreneurship a leading role in the global transition to a low carbon economy.
Stable rules create predictability, security and the willingness to invest, which in turn keep energy prices down and create conditions for transition. Swedish businesses and consumers must be able to rely on a secure energy supply. This requires giving companies in the energy sector long-term rules and stable operating conditions.
Commission on Energy
The Government intends to appoint a Commission on Energy for cross-party talks on energy policy with the aim of concluding a long-term sustainable energy agreement. The Government's starting point in these talks will be that nuclear power is to be replaced by renewable energy and energy efficiency measures, and that Sweden, in the long term, will be powered by 100 per cent renewable energy.
A checkpoint for climate and energy policy will be carried out in 2015 to analyse the actual development of energy balance and costs, as well as climate impact in relation to the relevant energy and climate policy objectives, and the state of knowledge on climate change.