Objectives for transport and infrastructure
The goal for transport is to ensure the economic efficiency and long-term sustainability of transport provision for citizens and enterprise throughout Sweden. In addition, the Riksdag has adopted a functional goal – accessibility – and a consideration goal – safety, environment and health.
Functional goal – accessibility
The design, function and utilisation of the transport system are to provide companies and people with a basic level of accessibility of good quality and usability, and to contribute to the development potential of the entire country. The transport system is also to be gender equal, i.e. to meet the transport needs of women and men in an equivalent manner.
Consideration goal – safety, environment and health
The design, function and utilisation of the transport system are to be adapted in such a way that no one is killed or seriously injured in traffic. The design of the transport system is also to help to achieve the overarching generational goal for the environment and the environmental quality objectives, and to contribute to improved health.
A long-term sustainable transport system
Investments such as those in railways and roads create new jobs and reduce costs for businesses. The Government's goal is for Sweden to have the EU's lowest unemployment rate in 2020, at the same time as the employment rate increases. A robust and efficient transport system with a good capacity is a prerequisite for jobs and sustainable development throughout Sweden.
Infrastructure ties the country together and is a key prerequisite for a growing economy, increased population, improved opportunities for commuting, visiting and increased employment. An effective transport system is necessary if companies are to be able to operate throughout Sweden.
Investment in operations and maintenance
The operations and maintenance of the country's railways and roads ensures and improves the functionality of the transport system and thus constitutes an important prerequisite for securing jobs, reducing unemployment and decreasing society's impact on the environment and climate.
An improved railway system
The railways play a major and significant role in the Swedish transport system, and effective transport services by train are important to achieving several goals concerning high employment, an increased proportion of qualified industrial production, reduced impact on the climate and environment and fewer fatalities and injuries in traffic.
The Swedish railway system is facing a number of challenges such as supplying infrastructure capacity and transport solutions of a sufficient quantity and quality and achieving necessary collaboration between the parties concerned. The Government believes that there is a tangible need to identify measures that could further improve the functionality of the railways.
Increase the reliability of the transport system
A robust transport system is to cope well with both expected and unexpected events. The infrastructure is to be designed in a way that minimises stoppages and disruptions resulting from accidents, congestion, vehicle faults or infrastructure faults and damage. The effective operation of the road and rail networks is an important prerequisite for being able to make optimal use of available capacity. This involves preventing disruptions by optimising traffic management and traffic information and minimising the impact of unplanned disruptions using traffic management, traffic planning and traffic information.
More vigorous governance and monitoring
In order to facilitate effective governance of operations and maintenance, it is important that it is possible to describe how different operations and maintenance initiatives lead to the desired effects on the transport system, how initiatives can be prioritised and how improved and developed feedback can be guaranteed with relevant economic assessments.
The transport system and the EU's internal market
Transport policy is a linchpin of the EU's internal market. The EU regulations are primarily concerned with market access, transport safety and increasing the efficiency of the transport system in order to counter its detrimental impact on the environment and health.
An effective transport system in the EU is of great importance to jobs and growth, at the same time as the transport sector's impact on the climate must be reduced.
The Government sees increased collaboration within the EU as a prerequisite for being able to address the problems of poor working conditions and illegal traffic that exist in the road haulage sector. Poor terms of employment in the airline industry also require increased collaboration within the EU.
Reducing the transport sector's environmental impact
The environmental impact of the transport sector is to be reduced.
The Government intends to introduce what is known as a bonus-malus system, whereby environmentally adapted vehicles with relatively low carbon dioxide emissions are awarded a bonus at the time of purchase and vehicles with relatively high carbon dioxide emissions are imposed with a higher tax (malus).
The Government's ambition is to design the economic instruments for biofuels in a way that provides good long-term conditions for sustainable biofuels. For example, the Government intends to investigate the possibility of introducing a compulsory quota system for biofuels.
During this term of office, different methods to get aviation to shoulder more of its own climate costs will also be investigated.
World-leading road safety efforts
The Government will intensify the work to increase safety and security on the roads. There is a range of areas in which Sweden has been successful and these efforts will continue. Sweden currently has an interim goal of a maximum of 220 road fatalities and a reduction in the number of serious injuries by a quarter by 2020.