Swedish citizenship legislation stems from a fundamental idea of citizenship that is based on affinity with Sweden. Jus sanguinis, which means that citizenship is acquired at birth if one of the parents is a Swedish citizen, has a strong influence on the rules. Another fundamental principle is to avoid statelessness. Sweden has accepted dual citizenship since 2001.
Becoming a Swedish citizen
People wishing to apply for Swedish citizenship or wanting to know more about citizenship issues should begin by contacting the Swedish Migration Board.
What does Swedish citizenship entail?
Citizenship is a legal relationship between an individual and the state. Citizenship entail freedoms, rights and obligations, and provides a basis for representative government. The most tangible proof of citizenship is the Swedish passport or the national identification card.
People with permanent residence permits
Foreign nationals who have permanent resident permits (PUTs) and are registered as resident in Sweden largely have the same rights and obligations as Swedish citizens. However, there are some differences. Only Swedish citizens have an absolute right to reside in Sweden, and only Swedish citizens are entitled to vote in Riksdag elections. A foreign citizen cannot be elected to the Riksdag either. There are also a number of posts, such as those of police officers, career officers in the Swedish Armed Forces and some safety service officers, that can only be filled by Swedish citizens.
Under the Swedish Citizenship Act, it is possible to hold dual citizenship. A person acquiring Swedish citizenship can retain their previous citizenship if the law in the other country so permits. Similarly, a person who is a Swedish citizen and acquires another citizenship may retain their Swedish citizenship if the other country's legislation does not prevent this.