The Swedish Constitution

The Swedish Constitution comprises the fundamental laws governing Sweden's organisation as a state.

The Constitution contains provisions defining the relation between the legislative and the executive powers, and the rights and freedoms enjoyed by citizens.

It is more difficult to amend the Constitution than to amend other laws. The Constitution can only be amended or abrogated by the Riksdag passing identically worded resolutions to this effect on two different occasions, separated by a general election. No other laws or ordinances are permitted to come into conflict with the Constitution.

The Swedish Constitution consists of four fundamental laws:

  • the Instrument of Government,
  • the Act of Succession,
  • the Freedom of the Press Act, and
  • the Fundamental Law on Freedom of Expression.

The Riksdag Act occupies a unique intermediate position between the Constitution and ordinary laws. The Riksdag Act lays down detailed provisions on the Riksdag and its procedures.

Current issues

Inquiry on review of electoral system

The Government has appointed a parliamentary committee to conduct a review of parts of the electoral system. The committee's remit includes considering whether there are grounds for changing the regulations governing the allocation of seats in connection with parliamentary elections.

An interim report was submitted in January 2013 and the final report in April 2013.

Inquiry on freedom of the press and freedom of expression

Beginning in 2003, the Working committee on freedom of the press and freedom of expression examined issues dealing with freedom of the press and freedom of expression. The Freedom of Expression Committee took over this work in 2008. Four reports have been submitted to the Government. The Freedom of Expression Committee submitted its final report (SOU 2012:55) on 23 August 2012.