Central government budget in figures
The Government submits its budget proposals to the Riksdag in the spring and autumn. This page is updated with current figures in connection with the presentation of these proposals.
The following is a compilation of the Government’s calculations and proposals for the central government budget for the years 2017–2021 as presented in the Budget Bill for 2019.
The Riksdag’s framework decision on 12 December 2018 implies amendments in relation to the caretaker government’s budget proposal. These amendments are described in the report on the framework decision drawn up by the Riksdag Committee on Finance.
Budget balance and Central government debt
The central government budget balance shows the central government surplus/borrowing requirement and thus its impact on the central government debt.
|2017 (Outcome)||2018 (Forecast)||2019 (Forecast)||2020 (Forecast)||2021 (Forecast)|
|Revenue||1 001||1 093||1 097||1 082||1 179|
|Expenditure excl. interest on the Central government debt¹||930||977||990||994||997|
|Interest on the Central government debt etc.²||11||14||25||24||9|
|Net lending by National Debt Office||-3||2||4||10||8|
|Central government balance||62||100||79||54||166|
|Note: The amounts may not sum to totals because of rounding.
¹Including change in appropriation balances.
²Refers to expenditure under expenditure area 26 Interest on central government debt etc.
Sources: Statistics Sweden and own calculations.
Central government revenue mainly consists of taxes on labour, capital and consumption. Central government revenue also comes from various fees, fines, loan repayments (e.g. student loans) and grants from the European Union, etc.
|Central government tax revenue||1 050||1 135||1 145||1 125||1 225|
|Revenue from central government activities||27||34||33||36||37|
|Revenue from sale of property||0||5||5||5||5|
|Offsets associated with the tax system||-99||-106||-113||-112||-114|
|Revenue in the central government budget||1 001||1 093||1 097||1 082||1 179|
|Note: All years are presented according to the structure for the central government budget for 2019 and onwards.
Sources: Swedish Tax Agency, Swedish National Financial Management Authority and own calculations.
Central government expenditure
Central government expenditure is grouped into 27 different expenditure areas (EA). Each expenditure area shows how much money different state-controlled activities receive.
|Expenditure area||2017 (Outcome¹)||2018 (Forecast)||2019 (Proposal)||2020 (Calculation)||2021(Calculation)|
|2 Economy and financial administration||15.3||16.1||17.3||17.9||18.3|
|3 Taxes, customs and enforcement||11.0||11.4||11.4||11.5||11.6|
|5 International cooperation||2.0||1.9||2.4||2.0||2.0|
|6 Defence and contingency measures||50.4||
|7 International development cooperation||36.7||42.8||44.9||45.8||48.4|
|9 Health care, medical care and social services||67.4||77.5||78.1||75.2||74.8|
|10 Financial security for those with illnesses and disabilities||101.9||99.8||97.7||96.1||95.3|
|11 Financial security for the elderly||34.7||34.8||34.5||34.1||34.0|
|12 Financial security for families and children||88.7||95.2||97.3||99.9||102.2|
|13 Gender equality and introduction of newly arrived immigrants||23.9||22.7||18.5||14.3||12.5|
|14 Labour market and working life||71.6||75.1||76.8||75.9||76.6|
|15 Financial support for students||19.7||21.3||25.0||25.4||26.3|
|16 Education and academic research||71.1||76.0||81.3||79.6||79.7|
|17 Culture, the media, religious communities and leisure activities||14.5||16.0||16.0||16.0||15.3|
|18 Planning, housing provision, construction and consumer policy||3.8||4.9||7.0||7.0||7.0|
|19 Regional growth||2.8||3.8||3.5||3.4||3.5|
|20 General environmental protection and nature conservation||7.8||10.5||11.8||11.5||11.0|
|22 Transport and communications||53.3||56.3||59.5||59.8||60.1|
|23 Land- and water-based industries, rural areas and food||17.2||19.4||19.8||19.5||15.0|
|24 Industry and trade||6.4||7.7||7.3||6.6||6.4|
|25 General grants to local government||105.6||111.4||115.9||116.0||115.5|
|26 Interest on the Central government debt etc.||10.6||13.6||25.2||24.2||8.7|
|27 Contribution to the European Union||24.2||34.9||40.9||47.9||53.9|
|Reduction of appropriation balances||-11.3||-5.6||-5.1|
|All expenditure areas²||940.7||991.0||1 015.3||1 018.3||1005.4|
|Net lending by National Debt Office||-2.9||2.3||3.6||9.7||8.0|
Note: The amounts may not sum to totals because of rounding.