Central government budget in figures

The Government submits its budget proposals to the Riksdag in the spring and autumn. This page is updated with current figures in connection with the presentation of these proposals.

The following is a compilation of the Government’s calculations and proposals for the central government budget for the years 2017–2021 as presented in the Budget Bill for 2019.

Budget balance and Central government debt

The central government budget balance shows the central government surplus/borrowing requirement and thus its impact on the central government debt.

Central government balance 2017–2021
SEK billion
  2017 (Outcome) 2018 (Forecast) 2019 (Forecast) 2020 (Forecast) 2021 (Forecast)
Revenue 1 001 1 093 1 097 1 082 1 179
Expenditure excl. interest on the Central government debt¹ 930 977 990 994 997
Interest on the Central government debt etc.² 11 14 25 24 9
Net lending by National Debt Office -3 2 4 10 8
Cash adjustment 2 0 0 0 0
Central government balance 62 100 79 54 166
Note: The amounts may not sum to totals because of rounding.
¹Including change in appropriation balances.
²Refers to expenditure under expenditure area 26 Interest on central government debt etc.
Sources: Statistics Sweden and own calculations.

Government revenue

Central government revenue mainly consists of taxes on labour, capital and consumption. Central government revenue also comes from various fees, fines, loan repayments (e.g. student loans) and grants from the European Union, etc.

Revenue in the central government budget 2017–2021
SEK billion
Revenue categories 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Central government tax revenue 1 050 1 135 1 145 1 125 1 225
Revenue from central government activities 27 34 33 36 37
Revenue from sale of property 0 5 5 5 5
Loan repayments 1 1 1 1 1
Calculated revenue 11 12 14 15 14
EU grants 10 12 13 12 11
Offsets associated with the tax system -99 -106 -113 -112 -114
Revenue in the central government budget 1 001 1 093 1 097 1 082 1 179
Note: All years are presented according to the structure for the central government budget for 2019 and onwards.
Sources: Swedish Tax Agency, Swedish National Financial Management Authority and own calculations.

Central government expenditure

Central government expenditure is grouped into 27 different expenditure areas (EA). Each expenditure area shows how much money different state-controlled activities receive.

Expenditure in the central government budget 2017-2021
SEK billion
Expenditure area 2017 (Outcome¹) 2018 (Forecast) 2019 (Proposal) 2020 (Calculation) 2021(Calculation)
1 Governance 13.3 14.4 14.9 14.6 14.6
2 Economy and financial administration 15.3 16.1 17.3 17.9 18.3
3 Taxes, customs and enforcement 11.0 11.4 11.4 11.5 11.6
4 Justice 44.1 45.8 46.3 47.0 47.5
5 International cooperation 2.0 1.9 2.4 2.0 2.0
6 Defence and contingency measures 50.4

53.8

56.2 57.2 58.2
7 International development cooperation 36.7 42.8 44.9 45.8 48.4
8 Migration 40.0 20.5 13.6 12.5 9.9
9 Health care, medical care and social services 67.4 77.5 78.1 75.2 74.8
10 Financial security for those with illnesses and disabilities 101.9 99.8 97.7 96.1 95.3
11 Financial security for the elderly 34.7 34.8 34.5 34.1 34.0
12 Financial security for families and children 88.7 95.2 97.3 99.9 102.2
13 Gender equality and introduction of newly arrived immigrants 23.9 22.7 18.5 14.3 12.5
14 Labour market and working life 71.6 75.1 76.8 75.9 76.6
15 Financial support for students 19.7 21.3 25.0 25.4 26.3
16 Education and academic research 71.1 76.0 81.3 79.6 79.7
17 Culture, the media, religious communities and leisure activities 14.5 16.0 16.0 16.0 15.3
18 Planning, housing provision, construction and consumer policy 3.8 4.9 7.0 7.0 7.0
19 Regional growth 2.8 3.8 3.5 3.4 3.5
20 General environmental protection and nature conservation 7.8 10.5 11.8 11.5 11.0
21 Energy 3.0 3.5 3.6 3.1 2.3
22 Transport and communications 53.3 56.3 59.5 59.8 60.1
23 Land- and water-based industries, rural areas and food 17.2 19.4 19.8 19.5 15.0
24 Industry and trade 6.4 7.7 7.3 6.6 6.4
25 General grants to local government 105.6 111.4 115.9 116.0 115.5
26 Interest on the Central government debt etc. 10.6 13.6 25.2 24.2 8.7
27 Contribution to the European Union 24.2 34.9 40.9 47.9 53.9
Reduction of appropriation balances     -11.3 -5.6 -5.1
All expenditure areas² 940.7 991.0 1 015.3 1 018.3 1005.4
Net lending by National Debt Office -2.9 2.3 3.6 9.7 8.0
Cash adjustment 1.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Total expenditure 939.6 993.3 1019.0 1028.1 1013.4

Note: The amounts may not sum to totals because of rounding.
¹Appropriations have been assigned to the expenditure areas to which they belong in the central government budget for 2018.
² Including the item Reduction in appropriation balances.
Source: Own calculations.