Article from Ministry of Finance

Central government budget in figures

Published

The Government submits its budget proposals to the Riksdag in the spring and autumn. This page is updated with current figures in connection with the presentation of these proposals.

Budget balance and Central government debt

The central government budget balance shows the central government surplus/borrowing requirement and thus its impact on the central government debt.

 

Central government balance 2018–2022 (from the 2020 budget bill)
SEK billion
  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 
Revenue 1 072 1 078 1 116 1 111 1 150
Expenditure excl. interest on the Central government debt¹ 975 997 1 026 1 053 1 065
Interest on the Central government debt etc.² 14 21 30 8 7
Net lending by National Debt Office 2 -67 14 12 6
Cash adjustment 2 -2 0 0 0
Central government balance 80 130 47 38 71
Note: The amounts may not sum to totals because of rounding.
¹Including change in appropriation balances.
²Refers to expenditure under expenditure area 26 Interest on central government debt etc.
Sources: Statistics Sweden and own calculations.

Government revenue

Central government revenue mainly consists of taxes on labour, capital and consumption. Central government revenue also comes from various fees, fines, loan repayments (e.g. student loans) and grants from the European Union, etc.

Revenue in the central government budget 2018–2022 (from the 2020 budget bill)
SEK billion
Revenue categories 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Central government tax revenue 1 119.9 1 127.6 1 157.8 1 156.5 1 200.1
Revenue from central government activities 32.8 35.3 41.2 39.9 38.0
Revenue from sale of property 1.8 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Loan repayments 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.6
Calculated revenue 12.2 14.2 16.0 17.4 18.7
EU grants 12.4 12.9 13.7 12.7 10.4
Offsets associated with the tax system -107.7 -117.3 -118.2 -121.6 -123.2
Revenue in the central government budget 1 072.1 1 078.4 1 116.1 1 110.5 1 149.6
Note: All years are presented according to the structure for the central government budget for 2019 and onwards.
Sources: Swedish Tax Agency, Swedish National Financial Management Authority and own calculations.

Central government expenditure

Central government expenditure is grouped into 27 different expenditure areas (EA). Each expenditure area shows how much money different state-controlled activities receive.

Expenditure in the central government budget 2018-2022 (from the 2020 budget bill)
SEK billion
         
Expenditure area 2018 (Outcome¹) 2019 (Forecast) 2020 (Calculation) 2021 (Calculation) 2022 (Calculation)
1 Governance 14.6 15.1 15.1 15.1 15.3
2 Economy and financial administration 15.7 16.6 17.4 18.0 18.3
3 Taxes, customs and enforcement 11.4 11.4 12.1 12.2 12.4
4 Justice 45.9 49.2 51.7 54.5 55.5
5 International cooperation 1.9 2.3 2.0 2.0 2.0
6 Defence and contingency measures 53.5 59.8 64.8 70.5 76.7
7 International development cooperation 42.8 44.4 46.0 48.3 50.4
8 Migration 19.6 12.2 11.4 10.4 10.1
9 Health care, medical care and social services 78.4 79.7 84.2 83.3 80.5
10 Financial security for those with illnesses and disabilities 99.7 98.1 95.7 94.3 93.3
11 Financial security for the elderly 34.8 34.4 36.5 35.7 35.6
12 Financial security for families and children 95.2 98.6 101.4 103.5 106.0
13 Gender equality and introduction of newly arrived immigrants 17.3 14.0 10.1 8.2 7.7
14 Labour market and working life 78.8 77.2 77.2 77.4 78.4
15 Financial support for students 21.1 22.7 25.5 26.1 27.0
16 Education and academic research 76.0 78.7 83.3 84.9 85.6
17 Culture, the media, religious communities and leisure activities 16.0 15.8 16.1 15.6 15.6
18 Planning, housing provision, construction and consumer policy 4.6 2.8 3.7 4.6 4.3
19 Regional growth 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.5
20 General environmental protection and nature conservation 10.4 10.7 12.6 13.0 13.0
21 Energy 3.5 3.9 3.5 2.4 2.4
22 Transport and communications 56.6 58.5 61.3 68.2 69.5
23 Land- and water-based industries, rural areas and food 19.6 20.9 19.8 17.9 16.3
24 Industry and trade 7.5 7.3 7.3 6.9 6.7
25 General grants to local government 111.4 120.1 128.4 128.5 128.9
26 Interest on the Central government debt etc. 13.6 21.1 29.7 7.7 7.2
27 Contribution to the European Union 35.0 39.4 42.0 52.0 53.5
Reduction of appropriation balances 0.0 0.0 -7.3 -4.3 -3.6
All expenditure areas² 988.5 1018.3 1055.1 1060.4 1072.2
Net lending by National Debt Office 2.0 -67.0 14.0 12.0 6.0
Cash adjustment 2.0 -2.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Total expenditure 992.5 949.3 1069.1 1072.4 1078.2
Note: The amounts may not sum to totals because of rounding.
¹Appropriations have been assigned to the expenditure areas to which they belong in the central government budget for 2019.
² Including the item Reduction in appropriation balances.
Source: Own calculations.