Swedish security is dependent on international cooperation and relationships with several countries through the UN, the EU, partnerships with NATO and defence cooperation with the Nordic countries and the Baltic, as well as bilateral cooperation with individual countries. The objective with the international defence cooperation is to efficiently utilise resources and increase the operational capabilities of the Swedish defence.
The government wants to protect and develop the international cooperation through closer collaboration in the surrounding areas and by participating in international missions. The ultimate aim of the Swedish defence capability is to defend its own territory but should also be regarded as part of a community for stability and security in northern Europe.
Nordic defence cooperation
The Nordic Defence Cooperation, Nordefco, was established in 2009. The cooperation includes the entire breadth of the Armed Forces operations. The aim of the cooperation is to strengthen the national defence of the countries and to find joint efficient solutions.
Nordic defence cooperation, Nordefco
Sweden and Finland have a close defence policy cooperation and share security policy starting points. The countries cooperate both bilaterally and within existing international forums. In-depth defence cooperation will strengthen the national capability of each country and generate increased security in the surrounding area.
In 2014, an action plan to strengthen the defence cooperation between Sweden and Finland was presented. The action plan stipulates that the armed forces are to examine the prerequisites to strengthen the cooperation for exercises, education and training, air and sea surveillance, and by joint utilisation of fundamental infrastructure.
The Ministry of Defence is responsible for Sweden's bilateral defence-related cooperation within the framework of the established overall cooperation agreement, so-called MoU agreement (Memorandum of Understanding). There are some 30 bilateral MoU agreements with several European countries, and with countries outside Europe.
The contents of the MoU agreement primarily include exchange of information and experience in the areas of defence and defence materiel, joint development and procurement of systems, knowledge and technology transfer, research and technology development cooperation and joint exercises and training.