Sanctions against the Democratic Republic of the Congo
The sanctions include an arms embargo, travel restrictions and the freezing of assets of persons and bodies listed by the UN Sanctions Committee concerning the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).
Description of the sanctions
1. Arms embargo, etc.
It is prohibited to directly or indirectly supply, sell or transfer arms and related materiel, including ammunition, military vehicles and equipment, paramilitary equipment or related spare parts to all non-state entities and individuals in the territory of the DRC. It is also prohibited to offer technical and financial assistance in connection with the arms embargo. These sanctions do not apply to materiel intended solely for support to the UN stabilisation mission in the DRC (MONUSCO). Also, non-lethal military equipment intended solely for humanitarian or protective use may be supplied. The UN Security Council has established a Sanctions Committee concerning the DRC to handle issues related to exemptions from the arms embargo. Exemptions must be reported to and approved by this Committee in order to be approved by the competent national authority.
2. Travel restrictions
The persons listed are prohibited from entry into, or transit through, the European Union. Persons who may be listed include those who violate the arms embargo, political and military leaders of both Congolese and foreign armed groups who impede disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration, or those who recruit or use children in armed conflict as well as persons who commit serious crimes against children or women in situations of armed conflict. Additional persons may be listed. This applies to persons who commit acts in the DRC that constitute human rights violations or that constitute crimes or violations of international humanitarian law; prevent humanitarian access, illegally support armed groups in eastern DRC through the illicit trade of natural resources; act for or on behalf of a listed person; or participate in attacks against MONUSCO, UN staff and members of the UN Group of Experts on the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The list of the persons concerned is drawn up and amended by the UN Security Council Sanctions Committee concerning the DRC, which can also grant exemptions in some cases. The EU continuously implements the decisions of the Sanctions Committee.
3. Freezing of assets
All assets and economic resources belonging to listed persons or entities are to be frozen. It is also prohibited to place assets or economic resources at their disposal. The criteria for listing persons and, where appropriate, entities are the same as for travel restrictions. As mentioned with regard to travel restrictions, the list is drawn up and amended by the Sanctions Committee. The EU continuously implements the decisions of the Sanctions Committee. Certain exemptions from the freezing of assets may be permitted for humanitarian purposes, etc.
Competent Swedish authorities
The Swedish Migration Agency and Sweden's missions abroad are responsible for applying the travel restrictions.
The Inspectorate of Strategic Products has primary responsibility for matters concerning the arms embargo.
Exemptions from the freezing of assets may be granted by Försäkringskassan (the Swedish social insurance agency).
Information on frozen accounts is to be submitted to Finansinspektionen (the Swedish financial supervisory authority).
Links to the relevant authorities are available lower down on this page.