Goals and visions of introduction of new arrivals
The goal of the integration policy is to ensure equal rights, obligations and opportunities for all, irrespective of their ethnic and cultural background.
The next few years in Sweden will be shaped by efforts to help a large number of newly arrived people become established in working and community life. This is a unique situation for Sweden, and one that presents both challenges and opportunities. The Government has identified a number of areas that need to be developed and strengthened to build a society that stands together and to combat segregation. This will involve more effective introduction measures, more paths to work, more people completing their education and training, and better access to housing.
Work is the key to the integration of newly arrived people into Sweden. It enables them to support themselves, but also to develop Swedish language skills and learn about Swedish society. Work also helps build a wider social network. Many new arrivals are of working age and have both educational qualifications and experience that should be put to greater use, not least in areas with labour shortages.
Sustainable reception nationwide
The reception of newly arrived people is a shared responsibility for the whole of Sweden. Based on their own situation, all municipalities must join in and take responsibility for the reception of new arrivals to enhance their opportunities to become established in working and community life. More evenly shared reception is also important for combating social and ethnic housing segregation. Effective reception at municipal level is crucial for the establishment of new arrivals; it is in municipalities that people live and work.
Simplified compensation for reception of unaccompanied minors
Quality and security must be ensured in the reception of unaccompanied minors and young people. Central government compensation to municipalities for the reception of unaccompanied minors and young people needs to be simplified and adapted to improve municipalities' ability to plan, reduce their administrative burden and increase cost effectiveness.
Early measures for asylum-seekers
It is important that the individual's asylum application period is used in an effective and meaningful way, particularly to make establishment in the labour market and in society easier and quicker for those who are granted a residence permit. Women and men should have access to measures that provide opportunities to develop Swedish language skills and gain knowledge about work and study opportunities. They also need basic knowledge about how Swedish society works and where to turn for assistance in various matters.
More effective introduction system
The introduction system needs to be more effective. The aim should be to enable newly arrived women and men to go on to work or study within two years. It is important that Arbetsförmedlingen (the Swedish Public Employment Service) is given the conditions to meet the sharp rise in participants, and that efforts to increase the proportion who go on to work or study are intensified. The Government believes that it is important to create better long-term conditions for the Public Employment Service to work more effectively on the introduction system, and at the same time improve the balance between participants' opportunities and obligations. The Government wants to align regulations concerning the introduction system with the labour market policy regulatory framework in general.
The Government believes it is important that the proportion of women in labour market-related measures and women entering the world of work increases, and that women and men are given the same opportunities to become established in working and community life.