Background

Published

The IHRA

In May 1998, on the eve of the new millennium, Swedish Prime Minister Göran Persson, British Prime Minister Tony Blair and the President of the United States Bill Clinton agreed to set up a Task Force to promote international cooperation on Holocaust education, remembrance and research. The Task Force was subsequently joined by Germany, Israel, Poland, the Netherlands, France and Italy, and laid the foundation for the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA).

The first Forum was held in 2000

In line with the Task Force’s commitment, former Swedish Prime Minister Göran Persson invited the Task Force and other interested governments (46 countries in total) to the Stockholm International Forum on the Holocaust which took place on 26–28 January 2000.

The Stockholm Declaration

The Stockholm Declaration was adopted at the end of the Forum. It provided political support for Holocaust education, remembrance and research, and included commitments on commemoration days, educational initiatives and the opening of archives. According to the Stockholm Declaration, “the international community shares a solemn responsibility to fight … genocide, ethnic cleansing, racism, antisemitism and xenophobia.”