Opinion piece: "To us – She Decides"
Opinion piece by Minister for International Development Cooperation and Climate Ms Isabella Lövin and seven European colleagues in Svenska Dagbladet, 8 March 2017.
Globally almost 225 million women and girls have an unmet need for contraception. Every day over 800 women and girls die from preventable causes related to pregnancy or child birth. Annually 22 million unsafe abortions occur and two million girls under 15 become mothers. This is the situation for millions of the most vulnerable women around the world. In our part of the world, pregnancies are fortunately in most cases happy circumstances. In other parts of the world, this is not the case. Indeed, a pregnancy can be life-threatening as well as life-changing. Therefore, women's and girls' full and equal enjoyment of all and their access to contraception and comprehensive sexuality education are key-priorities in our development policy.
During the last decades maternity mortality has almost halved thanks to hard work and increased access to sexual and reproductive health and rights. Now we see worrying trends challenging this progress. We cannot afford to turn the positive trend backwards. It is literally a matter of life and death.
When we are fighting for women's and girls' rights, we are fighting for human rights for everyone. It is our firm conviction that a woman has the right to choose with whom she wants to start a family, when and if she wants to have children and how many children she wants. However, as the statistics clearly show, millions of the most vulnerable women around the world do not enjoy these basic human rights.
Today, on 8 March women around the world have for generations been fighting for justice, equality and human rights for everyone. We feel a strong gratitude for the strong and visionary women who have spoken for the justice, freedom and equality that we, our mothers and our daughters are enjoying today. And we feel a strong commitment to use the voice given to us to speak for the women, who don't yet have the privilege to speak for their own rights. When we stand tall today, we stand on the shoulders of women who fought before us. Therefore, we raise our voice for the women who are not heard.
Not only because from a human point of view it is the right thing to do. But also because we know that when we invest in women everybody wins. We cannot achieve the Sustainable Development Goals which the whole world agreed upon at the UN General Assembly in September 2015, if women are not an active part of development. And for women to be an active part of development, they must have control over their own bodies. According to a study done by McKinsey, global GDP could be increased by 26 % by 2025 if women were to get full equality to that of men.
Fighting for women's and girls' full and equal enjoyment of all human rights is not only the right thing to do, it is also a rational thing to do.
We turn up our engagement
Unfortunately, the fight for women's and girls' rights suffered a setback on 23 January with the reintroduction of the Mexico City Policy, also known as the Global Gag Rule. This will affect American funding for organisations working with sexual and reproductive health and rights. According to the NGO Marie Stopes International the consequences for the world's most vulnerable women will be very serious: up to 6.5 million additional unintended pregnancies, 2.1 million additional unsafe abortions and 21,700 additional maternal deaths between 2017 and 2020. And this is just one example from one organisation. The total impact can be much greater. Experience from last time the Global Gag Rule was introduced shows that the number of abortions actually increased.
Fortunately, several countries in the global North and South are longstanding political and financial supporters of women's rights. Several new initiatives have already been taken by individual EU Member States including fundraising and a holding of Ministerial Conference 'She Decides' to increase political and financial support for the agenda. The "She Decides" conference in Brussels last week brought together more than 50 countries from Afghanistan to Canada and from Norway to Chad and raised 181 million Euro to this crucial agenda. What was as uplifting as the political support was the great financial support from private donors. This shows that women's and girls' rights are not just a political priority, it's a movement of people.
At the "She Decides"-conference, we saw the beginning of a movement which rallied financial and political support for non-governmental organizations and UN agencies that make sexual and reproductive health and rights a reality for millions of women and girls by providing access to counselling, evidence based information, non-discriminatory comprehensive sexuality education, family planning, modern contraceptives, safe delivery, HIV testing and safe abortion care. The broad international support for women's rights is crucial for the lives of millions of women and for the development of their countries.
And it shows that when other countries turn down their engagement in the fight for women's and girls' rights, we are ready to turn up our engagement.
With a number of like-minded EU-colleagues we have called upon the European Union to increase its funding for and make greater use of its influence in support of sexual and reproductive health and rights.
It's her decision
Deciding when to start a family is a decision for life. For girls and young women in the developing world starting a family is often equal to finishing school. Therefore, it is very important when this decision is taken. And it is very important that girls and young women themselves take that decision. Women who have the opportunity to decide for themselves will have healthier and better educated children. This is clearly recognized in the Agenda 2030 Goal 3 to ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages and Goal 5 that aims to achieve gender equality and empowerment of all women and girls.
To us, a girl's and a woman's body is for her to control. It's her decision with whom she wants children, how many and when she wants children. We want to give her the tools to decide for herself. Today on 8 March we want to send a message that is as important as it is simple: She decides!
Isabella Lövin, minister for development cooperation, Sweden,
Lilianne Ploumen, minister for foreign trade and development cooperation, The Netherlands,
Alexander De Croo, deputy prime minister and minister for development cooperation, Belgium
Ulla Tørnæs, minister for development cooperation, Denmark,
Mr. Romain Schneider, Minister for Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Affairs, Luxemburg
Kai Mykkänen, Minister for Foreign Trade and Development, Finland
Sven Mikser, Foreign Minister of Estonia, Estonia
Teresa Ribeiro, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, Portugal
Press Secretary to Minister for International Development Cooperation and Climate, and Deputy Prime Minister
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