This content was published in the period between
Åsa Romson is no longer a government minister, Minister for Climate and the Environment, Deputy Prime Minister
Climate agreement concluded in Paris
The countries of the world have agreed on a new global and legally binding climate agreement. The decision came after difficult final negotiations at the COP21 Climate Summit in Paris. The new agreement will provide the framework for the countries’ climate efforts for a long time to come.
"A global climate agreement is a milestone for the world and for cooperation on sustainable development. Sweden has long been pushing for an agreement that strengthens climate efforts. For the first time we have a global climate agreement where everyone is contributing and this is extremely important," says Minister for Climate and the Environment Åsa Romson.
The legally binding agreement means that the countries of the world now have a joint plan for reducing climate emissions. The agreement sets out that the global rise in temperature must be kept well below 2 degrees Celsius and that efforts must be made to limit it to 1.5 degrees. The text also states that countries are to gradually step up their commitments.
"This is the start of a considerable stepping up of climate efforts for all countries of the world. The difficult work of reducing climate emissions remains. Sweden must continue to show leadership through concrete measures at home in broad cooperation with all actors in society. We will become one of the world's first fossil-free welfare nations and, in doing so, inspire and encourage others," says Dr Romson.
Sweden has been pushing for an ambitious agreement with clear objectives and rules for how countries are to report their emissions. These elements are included in the text, but are not as explicit as Sweden had wanted. Every five years, the countries will gather to see how far our combined climate efforts are taking us, through a 'stocktake'. This review will be important for our ability to increase our ambitions over time.
"I am pleased to see that we have a long-term objective and a five-year review cycle for getting countries to raise their commitments. Sweden has been clearly pushing for a high level of ambition in the agreement and it is clear that our hard work has yielded results. Now we must continue to work to ensure that countries increase their ambitions so that the objectives can be turned into reality," says Dr Romson.
During the summit, Minister for Climate and the Environment Åsa Romson was entrusted with the task of acting as mediator on two key issues for the agreement: adaptation and the issue of loss and damage. Prior to the summit there were many disagreements, especially in the discussions concerning loss and damage. Despite this, the countries have now agreed on a compromise solution meaning that countries will cooperate to increase knowledge and improve the management of loss and damage caused as a result of the impacts of climate change.
"The negotiations on loss and damage were tough. After long talks we managed to find a solution in which the countries have now agreed to increase measures and support to help vulnerable countries address the most serious impacts of climate change. The fact that this issue is a part of the agreement is a major success," says Dr Romson.
The agreement states that developing countries must continue to receive support to reduce their emissions and adapt their societies to a changed climate. The agreement also says that developed countries are to increase their financial and technical support in future. The most vulnerable countries are to be given special priority, and effective access to financing is to be ensured. Adaptation measures are given a clear role in the new agreement, which was important for many developing countries.
The agreement sends a clear signal to businesses, municipalities and countries that efforts to limit emissions and build resilience to climate change have just begun.
"I feel particularly hopeful for the future after having seen an almost unbelievably strong commitment from businesses, cities, regions and, not least, people in the environmental movement prior to and during the summit. Together we can tackle the climate challenge," says Dr Romson.
Press Secretary to Minister for Climate and Environment Åsa Romson
Phone (switchboard) +46 8 405 10 00