Measures to combat antisemitism and increase security
A range of measures to combat antisemitism and increase security have been implemented and are ongoing. The measures are carried out both by the Government and by government agencies on behalf of the Government. Some of these measures are outlined below.
- In 2016, the Government adopted a national plan to combat racism, similar forms of hostility and hate crime. The plan takes an integrated approach and comprises strategies and measures to prevent and combat antisemitism and other forms of racism through improved coordination and monitoring, more education and training, increased support to and deepened dialogue with civil society, strengthened preventive measures online and a more active justice system.
- The Living History Forum carries out major education initiatives on different forms of racism – historical and present-day – including antisemitism. Within this framework, the Forum produces materials about different forms of racism and provides training for school staff in cooperation with the National Agency for Education. So far, target groups have included school staff and other public sector employees at, for example, the Swedish Police Authority, the Swedish Public Employment Service, the Swedish Social Insurance Agency and social services.
- The Swedish Media Council works to empower children and young people as knowledgeable and informed media users through media and information literacy. The Council is also running a campaign to combat racism on the internet – the No Hate Speech Movement – targeting children and young people.
- The Swedish Agency for Youth and Civil Society distributes annual funding in accordance with the Ordinance on government grants to activities combating racism and similar forms of intolerance. In recent years, the Agency has received more funding to increase the distribution of government grants to projects specifically aimed at combating forms of intolerance such as antisemitism.
- The Swedish Police Authority has raised its ambitions with respect to hate crime. A national contact point for hate crime issues is now in place, as are democracy and anti-hate crime groups in Stockholm, Gothenburg and Malmö. When deemed necessary, the Swedish Police Authority increases its surveillance efforts and takes other security measures to protect Jewish interests.
- The Government has instructed the Swedish Police Authority to continue measures against racism, hate crime and other crimes that threaten democracy. The assignment includes producing and disseminating information, including through different types of educational materials. In carrying out its assignment, the Police Authority is required to work collaboratively with relevant actors, both government agencies and civil society organisations.
- The Swedish Prosecution Authority has taken measures to enhance the quality of its work to combat hate crime.
- The Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention was tasked by the Government with conducting an in-depth study of antisemitic hate crime in Sweden. According to the study, antisemitism can be found in broad layers of the population, and far from everyone who subjects others to antisemitism is part of an organised group.
- In January 2018, the Government set up the Swedish Centre for Preventing Violent Extremism at the Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention to improve long-termism and further strengthen efforts at national, regional and local level.
- Since 2016, the Swedish Defence Research Agency has been tasked with analysing violent extremist propaganda in digital environments. The Agency’s analyses have increased knowledge of the content of the propaganda spread by the white power movement.
- The Government has appointed a parliamentary committee to consider the introduction of specific criminal liability for participation in a racist organisation and a ban on racist organisations. The final report will be presented by 28 February 2021.
- As of 2018, appropriations to security-enhancing measures for civil society and schools have been increased.
- In October 2020, Sweden will host an international forum on Holocaust remembrance and combating antisemitism. The forum will focus on Holocaust remembrance and education, and address the issue of antisemitism on social media. Heads of state and government from around 50 countries, experts, researchers and civil society representatives have been invited to the forum, which will be held in Malmö.
- In connection with the forum, the Government intends to implement a national initiative that will include schools.
- The Government has appointed an inquiry to propose how a museum to preserve and perpetuate the memory of the Holocaust can be established in Sweden. The Inquiry will present its report in March 2020.
- The Government has allocated funds to support remembrance trips to Holocaust memorial sites in 2018–2022.
- The Government consults regularly with Jewish organisations on issues that concern them, for example within the context of Sweden’s national minorities policy.
- Sweden is an active member of the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA). The Living History Forum represents Sweden in the IHRA along with the Ambassador for human rights, democracy and the rule of law.
- The Government has appointed a special envoy for intercultural and interfaith dialogue, including antisemitism and Islamophobia at international level, based at the Ministry for Foreign Affairs. The special envoy works towards enhancing coordination of intergovernmental efforts and strengthening Sweden’s cooperation with key international stakeholders.