The EU: Transport, telecommunications and energy
Work on issues relating to transport, telecommunications and energy takes place in the Transport, Telecommunications and Energy Council. The Commission’s goal for the EU to become a world leader on renewable energy should also include the transport and heating sectors.
EU energy policy
The EU’s work in the area of energy rests on three pillars: environmental sustainability (including climate change), competitiveness and increased security of supply. The EU’s targets for greater environmental sustainability by 2020 (known as the ‘20-20-20’ targets) are for greenhouse gas emissions to be reduced by 20 per cent, for 20 per cent of energy used in the EU to come from renewable energy sources and for energy efficiency to increase by 20 per cent. At the meeting of the European Council in October 2014, the heads of state and government determined that the targets for renewable energy and energy efficiency are to be 27 per cent by 2030. The long-term climate policy objective for 2050 will yield greenhouse gas emissions that are 80–95 per cent lower compared with 1990 levels.
Continued development of the internal energy market is required, with a focus on consumers and on the electricity markets. The Government will work to ensure that the targets for renewable energy and energy efficiency are implemented. This includes good conditions for bioenergy, which dominates among renewable energy sources, and is vital for the EU's ability to meet the set energy and climate targets in a cost-effective manner.
The Government will also work to ensure that appropriate energy taxation is set up in sectors outside the EU ETS, where the polluter pays principle applies in full. An effective tax on fossil fuels is necessary to achieve the climate policy goals in a cost-effective manner.
The Energy Union
In order to take a holistic approach to energy and climate issues, in February 2015 the European Commission proposed a European Energy Union. The Commission’s goal for the EU to become a world leader on renewable energy should also include the transport and heating sectors. Continued development of the internal energy market is required, with a focus on consumers and on the electricity markets.
Proposal for a new energy market design
The Government emphasises the importance of an efficient internal energy market and will act to ensure that the new legislative proposal supports the transition to more efficient, flexible and dynamic markets for the benefit of the consumer, and with a higher share of renewable energy.
EU transport cooperation
An efficient, long-term and sustainable transport system is an important prerequisite for tackling the challenge of climate change and strengthening the EU’s economy and competitiveness.
Cooperation within the EU is about the rules for competitiveness between transport companies and creating better communications in the EU through trans-European networks. There are also common rules for how vehicles are to be constructed. An important element in this cooperation is that modes of transport are to become more environmentally friendly.
The Swedish Government will work for concrete initiatives on electrification, energy efficiency and development of biofuels to achieve a transition to a sustainable transport sector beyond 2020.
Road transport package
In the forthcoming road transport package, a review is expected of, among others, the rules on conditions for obtaining a licence to carry out international road transport, access to the international road haulage market, access to the international market for bus and coach services and harmonisation of social legislation in the road transport area including cabotage. The Government is working to ensure that the rules are clear and competition takes place on equal terms. Protection of social rights must be strengthened.
IT and telecommunications
The measures taken in the area of policy for the information society are to create good conditions for efficient markets and effective competition. Households and companies are to have access to efficient, robust and safe infrastructure and the best possible selection of communications services.
The review of the framework on electronic communications
The Government promotes the interests of the end users (consumers, companies, other organisations and authorities). End-users' demands for digital goods and services are the primary force driving the market to invest in infrastructure and services. Alongside demand, competition between several network owners is a central driving force of broadband expansion.